Yesterday, we looked at Vs 1-3 as the peak of the system, (yawm ad-deen, the period in which ad-deen is fully in place). This is reflected back to the rahmaniya/raheemiya aspects of Allah. In the future, I hope to study this phrase further as I believe it is a key to understanding Quran.
Today, we will look at Vs 4-6 which I think its the human reflection of the ideal state of Vs 1-3. Vs 4-6 reads:
إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ
Ok so vs 4 shows the focus (iyyaka – to your alone) is on Allah. We are to focus collectively (it’s ‘we’ not ‘I’ worship) on Allah. This is a reflection of yawm ad-deen appears. We to also seek the optimum performance (ista3an – nasta3in) is also realised at this point. We are reaping the rewards of God’s system. This is our ideal state!
اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَI believe this is an exclamation (ihdina! – guide us!) because this ideal state which generates great emotion and the way to get there is the straight and establishing path, the (الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ ).
صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلا الضَّالِّينَ
This straight path is the one with Allah’s blessings or bounties. The word ‘alaihim’ (on them) rather than alaina (on us) shows that we are observing something which hasn’t happened to us yes. This is the path which precludes God’s anger and not the path of the misguided. These two characteristics must be looked at to get a proper feel of this straight path.
So these are our steps to get to yawm ad-deen: to serve God alone, be optimised by Him and to seek the straight and establishing path.
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