In the previous part of this series, we saw that it is impossible to prove that the Quranic personality *musa* was connected to the Quranic word at-tauraat(usually translated as the Torah). In this part, we will now look at the only personality in Quran related to at-tauraat. Please look at Quran 3/48:
and He teaches him al-kitaab and al-hikmah and at-tauraat and al-injeel.
Who is this personality? It is none other than *isa* the son of *maryam*. It is interesting to note that *isa* is given 4 things in 3/48, not just at-tauraat and al-injeel. He is also given al-kitaab and al-hikmah. Al-kitaab and al-hikmah are usually translated as ‘the book and the wisdom’.
If we look for other occurences of this phrase, we will find them connected to the role of the messengers:
Our Lord, and send among them a messenger from themselves who will recite to them Your verses and teach them the Book and wisdom and purify them. Indeed, You are the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” (2/129)
Just as We have sent among you a messenger from yourselves reciting to you Our verses and purifying you and teaching you the Book and wisdom and teaching you that which you did not know. (2/151)
Certainly did Allah confer [great] favor upon the believers when He sent among them a Messenger from themselves, reciting to them His verses and purifying them and teaching them the Book and wisdom, although they had been before in manifest error. (3/164)
It is He who has sent among the unlettered a Messenger from themselves reciting to them His verses and purifying them and teaching them the Book and wisdom – although they were before in clear error – (62/2)
There are four verses altogether which tell us that the rasool or messenger teaches al-kitab wal-hikmah (translated a. It is reasonable to assume that *isa*, being a messenger himself, teaches the very same al-kitab wal-hikmah as mentioned in 3/48
The question now would be this: if 2/129, 2/151, 3/164 and 62/2 do not mention any other talim/teaching, then why do we assume that at-tauraat and al-injeel taught to *isa* are books at all?
Furthermore, if ‘al-kitab’ is already ‘the book’ and all nabis/prophets brought ‘the book with truth’ (2/213), at-tauraat and al-injeel cannot be books as well. It is inconcievable that *isa* brought four books.
It would be better for us to look through Quran itself to find the best understanding of at-tauraat and injeel. In the next part of this series, we will be analysing those relevant verses.