Some of the least known wisdom in Quran can be found in the verses related to prophets and messengers. Through these verses, we may come to understand the socio-political philosophy of Quran but also a lot more angles to that philosophy. In this essay, we will analyse two short passages regarding the goal of the messengers.
Let us analyse the first passage. It begins with the call to the messengers in 23/51:
O messengers! Consume of the good and and act righteously; surely I know what you do.
So the beginning philosophy of the messengers is to consume of the good/wholesome. This is something universal, we must strive to purify our consumption from the unwholesome. We must also act righteously, seeking to bring about a fertile state.
The passage continues:
And this is your nation, one nation, and I am your Lord so be aware. (23/52)
So the principle of wholesome consumption and acting righteously is geared towards bringing about one nation of mankind. With Allah being the Lord, the nourishment and sustenance of this nation is connected to him.
But they cut apart affair between them into segments. Every group happy with what it had (23/53)
This is the unfortunate end for those who do not seek the one nation. At this point, we should note that this ‘single ummah of humankind’ project is symbolised in the verse before this passage, 23/50:
And We made the son of maryam y and his mother a sign, and We gave them refuge on high ground, a place for resting and with a flowing stream.
Isa and maryam are the prototype of the messengers and in this one verse mention of him, Allah tells us he was given refuge on a high ground, a place of rest with flowing streams. This is the essence of the messenger’s goal mentioned above, to seek this position for the whole single ummah of humankind.
It is interesting to note that a very similar passage is repeated two chapters before, 21/91-92:
And the one who protected her chastity, so We blew into her from Our Spirit, and We made her and her son a sign for the worlds.
This is your nation, one nation, and I am your Lord so serve Me.
they disputed in the matter amongst themselves. Each of them will be returned to Us.
Notice that a similar verse about Isa and Maryam also comes before (with no actual word ‘isa’ as well!). The only difference is the phrase ‘serve me’.
From here we can understand that in following the path of isa, we are to achieve unity of mankind with a just system where Allah directly nourishes and sustains us.