The messenger in Chapters 2 and 3 is the personality who leads the nation towards utopia. We discern this by understanding the themes of this chapter which approaches the idea in different ways. Ch 2 focuses on the messenger as a reformer of the Israel movement, the movement towards higher states of human being. Ch 3 looks at the messenger prototype who is isa the son of maryam. By reading both these chapters in unison, we come to understand whole the messenger plays in creating this system.
In this essay, we will look at three verses which formulate the messenger’s philosophy for the believers. These verses are 2/128, 2/151 and 3/164. These verses are nearly unique to this chapter with only another variation of this idea appearing in 62/2.
These verses formulate the messenger’s philosophy as follows:
- As a reflection of the signs of Allah. His personality shows that the signs of Allah are true and he strives to perfect him to be a mirror of these signs. Traditionally, this is called ‘the walking Quran’. By this, the messenger becomes an inspiration to his people. This reflection also includes becoming a sources of Quranic signs (verses) hence the messenger relays the verses to the people in their own language.
- The messenger gives the knowledge of al-kitab which in this context refers to the understanding of ideal system and applications towards it. He teaches them the various concepts related to this idea. He also teaches them al-hikmah which is wisdom in life on how to derive the greatest benefits. Al-kitab and al-hikmah go together to become the ideal and practical.
- The messenger also introduces and instigates growth in all aspects of life (tazkiyah). Therefore it is not a stagnant movement but a dynamic one. The movement is constantly moving towards higher states.
These are the strategies of the messenger in the creation of utopia.