The Twin Insan Related Chapters in Quran: Ch 75 and 76

Towards the end of the Quranic text, it is far easier to find the word ‘insan’ (referring to the weaker aspect of the human being, as opposed to the jinn aspect). This shows that the end chapters are far more about our personal development than they are about our social development as captured by the word ‘naas’ (people or humankind) which in turn are more focused on in the earlier chapters.

Ch 75 (Al-Qiyamah) and 76 (Al-Insan) of Quran are two such chapters. Both speak about the insan and provide a mixture of human experiences which connect to that ‘insanic’ state.

Ch 75 begins with the link between yawm al-qiyamah (period of resurrection, in this context referring to the rise of insan) to the nafs al-lawwamah (state of the soul which takes responsibility for itself) and the insaan who thinks Allah cannot assemble his bones. This shows that this basic existential mindset is needed for us move beyond weak state and resurrect ourselves.

Ch 76 not coincidentally also begins with the insaan, this time about the time he was not a thing vivified or mentioned. It could be said he was no thing. He was created from the mixture of fluids and tried, giving hearing and sight (experience of the world). He is then guided along a specific personal path to see who is grateful and who is not.

Ch 75 and 76 also links the insaanic state to revelation. In the case of Ch 75, the verses regarding revelation follows those related to the final judgement: Vs 16-19 tell us how revelation is explained. It first tells the Reader (showing specificity to one person) not to hurry personal revelation. It is for Allah to compile it to the point of declaring it to him. The Reader should then follow the revelation after which it is for Allah to clarify it.

Ch 76 approaches it from another angle. Like Ch 75, it talks about the final judgement before going into the concept of revelation but unlike Ch 75, it does not use words like ‘jama’a’ (compile) and ‘qara’a’ (to recite or declare). Rather it uses the word ‘nazala’ (to descend). Vs 23 tells us about the descent of meaning of our current reading. Vs 24 tells us to persevere with it with Allah makes a judgement on it and do not obey those who are upon debilitation and concealment. Vs 25 tells us to vivify the essence of Allah in the early and late hours. This is the process of revelation summarized.

Ch 75 and 76 also have differences. Perhaps the most glaring is the inclusion of the ‘salla’ (connection, bonding, focussing) process. Ch 75 mentions it while Ch 76 does not. In 75/31-32, we are told about the insaan who does not confirm nor salla. Rather he deconfirms and turns and allies with something else. There is of course a reason why Ch 75 mentions this whilst Ch 76 does not.  This is how twin chapters bring out subtleties in the text.

All in all, Ch 75 and 76 are excellent reminders of our insaanic state and how we can come to move beyond this state through self-evolution.

About Farouk A. Peru

I am a human being in the world, blogging my existence. My thought systems may be found in my website: www.farouk.name
This entry was posted in Aspects, Chapter 75, Chapter 76, Essays and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

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